Food and nutrition for cancer prevention

You can significantly reduce cancer risk by choosing healthier foods. In fact, some foods may even help protect against certain cancers. A healthy diet based on plants (fruits, vegetables, whole grains and legumes) and physical activity are the best insurance to reduce the risk of cancer as well as heart disease and diabetes.
A healthy diet based on plants (fruits, vegetables, whole grains and legumes) and physical activity are the best insurance to reduce the risk of cancer as well as heart disease and diabetes.

Tips for healthy eating

Eat five to nine servings of fruits and vegetables. It’s easier than you think; try to include one or two servings at every meal and snack. Suggestions:

  • Add grated vegetables to pasta sauce and stews
  • Keep hand diced vegetables for snack
  • Prepare smoothies with skim milk, fruit and ice

Follow a diet low in fat. Fat diets are associated with colorectal cancer, prostate and endometrium.

Eat low-fat or low-fat dairy products every day. Calcium found in non-dairy products low in fat and may offer protection against colorectal cancer.
Drink alcohol in moderation. Alcohol consumption has been linked to cancer of the colon, breast and liver, and combined with smoking greatly increases the risk of head and neck cancer.

A healthy diet improves health and lowers the risk of disease. Overweight adults have an increased risk of colon, endometrial, breast (after menopause), esophagus, pancreas and kidney.

Avoid being overweight and getting enough exercise, and reducing risk factors for cancer.